In many ways, Rollo could be considered the most influential Viking patriarch ever. His Norman descendants conquered England and Wales. They also subjugated Scotland and Ireland, at least for a time, not to mention wide dominions in what is now France. In addition, Normans descended from his followers conquered southern Italy and Sicily, along with spearheading several Crusades. REH hinted that his outlaw Crusader hero, Cormac Fitzgeoffrey, had the blood of William of Normandy in his veins.
Looks like Jared Diamond and others were wrong about the Norse in Greenland (as I suspected). New studies now seem to show that climate change (ie, the Little Ice Age) and a failing market for Atlantic walrus ivory were the main causes for abandonment. Only now are some Viking dairy farms being revealed, having been hidden under ice. When the Vikings settled Greenland, it was warmer than it is now.
Post by ChrisLAdams on Mar 17, 2017 10:31:55 GMT -5
Watched this documentary on Netflix this week and found it interesting. It seems to be available on YouTube in its entirety as well. I have to say it holds the record for first documentary where they examine a Viking turd. Yikes.
I knew Attila and the Huns would be in the mix. Interesting...
To conclude, Snorri’s migration story of Odin and the Asir displays so many and such striking similarities between the historical and archaeological facts of Attila and the Huns in the fifth century and their conquest of Scandinavia that they refer to one and the same sequence of historical events. The transformation of the story from a political historical to a mythological cosmological narrative is a prime example of the sacralisation of a new powerful ruling dynasty from outside. It accords well with a more universal phenomenon in which new ruling ancestors are elevated into demi-gods, and later founder-gods. The historical conquest is consequently transferred into a cosmological conquest where the new gods take precedence over the old. In this the political and religious–cosmological order is brought into balance. It further demonstrates the historical dynamics of religion, which derives from its ideological role of legitimising the social and political order. Attila and the Huns in fourth and fifth century AD Barbarian Europe amalgamated with Wodan/Wotan/Woden/Woutan, the old pan-Germanic god whose name meant ‘possessed, frantic’ (Glosecki 1989: 72) and thus became the paramount god of the Old Norse pantheon in the shape of Odin and his Asir, a historical sequence that might be illustrated iconographically.
Lotte Hedeager, Chapter, Iron Age Myth and Materiality, page 222